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The Scots Royal Lineage - The House of Stewart
ROBERT II, (only child of Walter Stewart, 6th
High Steward of Scotland, and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of ROBERT I), born 2 March, 1315-16, Steward of Scotland, 9 April, 1326, Regent 1335-41, and 1346-57, created Earl of Atholl, 16 Feb.
1341-2, Earl of Strathearn before 1357-8, and crowned at Scone, 26 March, 1371.
He married 1stly (dispensation dd 22 Nov.
1347), Elizabeth (d ante 1355), daughter of Sir Adam Mure, of
Rowallan. By her he had previously had issue,
1a JOHN, Earl of Carrick, 1368, to the throne as ROBERT III.
2a Walter, jure uxoris Earl of Fife, married Isabel, Countess of Fife, widow of Sir William Ramsay, and daughter and heiress of Duncan
Earl of Fife, and died without issue after 14 Aug. 1362.
3a Robert, 1st Duke of Albany, born circa 1340, Earl of Menteith by marriage, and Earl of Fife and Earl of Buchan by entail, created Duke of Albany, 1398, and Earl of Atholl for the life of Robert III 1403, Great Chamberlain 1383-1407, Governor of the realm during part of the reigns of Robert II and III, Regent from the death of Robert III to his own death, 3 Sept 1420, married 1stly, (by dispensation. 9
Sept. 1361), Margaret, Countess of Menteith (died 1380), widow of Sir John Moray, Lord of Bothwell, Thomas, 13th Earl of Mar, and Sir John Drummond of Concraig, and daughter of Sir John Graham (and
Mary, Countess of Menteith), and had issue,
1b Murdoch, 2nd Duke of Albany, and Regent of Scotland,
who was attainted and beheaded 25 May, 1425. He married 17 Feb. 1391-92, Isabel, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Duncan, Earl of Lennox, and had issue, with a daughter Isobel, married Sir Walter Buchanan of that Ilk, four sons,
1c Robert, Master of Fife, dvpsp before July 1421.
2c Walter (Sir) of Lennox, tried and beheaded at
Stirling, 24 May, 1425, was ancestor of the Lords Avandale, Ochiltree, Methven,
St. Colme etc. (see MORAY, E.).
3c Alexander (Sir), beheaded 25 May, 1425.
4c James (Sir), fled to Ireland, died without issue 1451, ancestor of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich (see that family).
1b Janet, betrothed (20 July, 1372) as a child to David,
infant son of Sir Bartholomew de Loen and Lady Philippa Moubray, but it is
doubtful if the marriage took place.
2b Maria, married Sir
William Abernethy of Saltoun, and had issue.
3b Margaret, married 1succeededtly, Sir John Swinton, of Swinton (see that family) and had issue. He was killed 14 Sept. 1401. She married 2ndly, Robert Stewart of Lorn (see MORAY, E.), and had further issue.
4b Isobel, married
1stly, Alexander Leslie, Earl of Ross, and had issue. She married 2ndly, Walter Haliburton, of Dirleton, and had further issue.
Robert, Duke of Albany married 2ndly, Muriella (died 1449), daughter of Sir William Keith, Marischal of Scotland (see KINTORE, E.), and
by her had issue,
2b John, 3rd Earl of Buchan on the resignation of his
father, 20 Sept. 1406, and Chamberlain of Scotland soon afterwards, head of the
Scottish auxiliaries in France 1420, Constable of France, fell at Verneuil, 17
Aug. 1424. He married 1413, Elizabeth (who 2ndly, Sir Thomas Stewart, and 3rdly,
William, Earl of Orkney), daughter of Archibald, 4th Earl of Douglas, and had issue, a daughter,
1c Margaret, married 1436, George, 1st Lord Seton and had issue (see MONTGOMERIE, Earls of Eglinton & Winton).
3b Andrew, died without issue before 1413.
4b Robert, de jure Earl of Ross, living 1431, died without issue
5b Marjory, married Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochaw, 1st
Lord Campbell (see CAMPBELL, Dukes of Argyll), and had issue.
6b Elizabeth, married Malcolm
Fleming of Biggar and Cumbernauld, and had issue. He died 1440.
4a Alexander, Earl of Buchan, 1374, and jure uxoris, Earl of Ross, known as “The
Wolf of Badenoch” married Euphemia,
Countess of Ross, widow of Sir Walter Leslie, and daughter and heiress of William,
5th Earl of Ross, and died without issue 24 July, 1394, leaving several illegitmate children. He was ancestor of the Stewarts of Fothergill, STEWART-MEIKLEJOHN of Edradynate (see that family) and STEWART-WILSON of Balnakeilly (see that family).
1a Margaret, married
(by dispensation 14 June, 1350), John Macdonald, Lord of the Isles. He died 1387, having had issue (see MACDONALD, Lords Macdonald).
2a Marjorie, married
1stly (Papal Dispensation, 11 July, 1371), her cousin, John Dunbar, who was
created Earl of Moray, 9 March 1371-72. He died circa 1390, leaving issue (see DUNBAR of Mochrum, Bt.). She married 2ndly circa 1403, Sir Alexander Keith, of Grandtown.
3a Jean, married 1stly, Sir John Keith, 2ndly, 1379, Sir John Lyon, Chamberlain of
Scotland, ancestor of the Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne (see that family), and 3rdly, Sir James Sandilands, of Calder, ancestor of the Lords Torphichen (see that family).
4a Isabella, married
1stly (dispensation 24 Sept.1371), 2nd Earl of Douglas (died without issue 19 Aug. 1388). She married 2ndly, before 1390, Sir John Edmonstone (see EDMONSTONE, Bt.) and had issue, a son.
5a Elizabeth, married
before 7 Nov. 1372, Sir Thomas Hay, Constable of Scotland (who died July, 1406), an ancestor of the Earls
of Erroll (see HAY, Earls of Erroll).
Robert II, married 2ndly (Papal Dispensation 2 May, 1355), Euphemia (died 1387), widow of John Randolph, Earl of Moray, and daughter of Hugh,
Earl of Ross, and by her had issue,
5a David, Earl Palatine of Strathearn, and Earl of Caithness, born circa 1356, and died before 1389, leaving issue, an only daughter and heiress Euphemia, COUNTESS PALATINE OF STRATHEARN and Countess of Caithness, which latter Earldom she
resigned to her uncle, Walter Stewart. She married ante Dec. 1406, her cousin, Sir Patrick Graham of Kilpont (killed 10 Aug. 1412), son of Sir Patrick Graham of Kincardine, and died Oct. 1415, having had issue,
1b Malise, 3rd Earl of Strathearn, who was
during his minority divested of that Earldom on the pretence that it was a male
fee and was created instead EARL OF MENTEITH 6 Sept. 1427 (see GRAHAM, Dukes of Montrose, and
BURKE's Dormant and Extinct Peerages)
1b Euphemia, married
1stly, 1425, Archibald, 5th Earl of Douglas, and had issue. He died 26 June, 1439. She married 2ndly, 1440, James, 1st Lord Hamilton and died 1468-69, leaving further issue (see HAMILTON, Dukes of Abercorn),. He died 14 Nov. 1479.
2b Elizabeth, married.
Sir John Lyon of Glamis, ancestor of the Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne (see that family).
6a Walter, Earl of
Caithness, on resignation of his niece Euphemia, 1390, and created Earl of
Atholl 1409. He married before 19 Oct.
1378, Margaret, daughter and heiress of Sir David de Barclay, Lord of Brechin, in
whose right he was Lord of Brechin. He was the chief organiser of the
conspiracy to which JAMES I fell a victim, and for which he suffered death and
attainder 26 March, 1437. He had two sons,
1b David, died in the lifetime of the father and left issue,
Stewart (Sir), who suffered for complicity in the same crime 1437.
2b Alan, Earl of Caithness, in whose favour his father
resigned that Earldom, dieddied in the lifetime of the father, unmarried 1431, killed at Inverlochy.
6a Egidia, married
1387, Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale, natural son of Archibald, 3rd Earl of
Douglas, and had issue.
7a Katherine (or Jean or Elizabeth), married 1380, Sir David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford and had issue (see LINDSAY, Earls of Crawford & Balcarres).
Robert II also had several illegitimate sons,
7a Sir John, ancestor of the Marquesses of Bute (see that family).
8a Thomas, Archdeacon of St Andrews and Dean of Dunkeld.
9a Alexander, Canon of Glasgow.
10a Sir John, of Dundonald, killed 1425.
11a Alexander, of Inverlunan.
12a James, of Kinfauns.
13a Sir John, ancestor of the Stewarts of Cardney (see BURKE’s LG 1952 Edn., STEUART
MENZIES of Culdares).
Robert II died at his Castle of Dundonald, 19 Apri1, 1390, and was succeeded by his eldest son, John Stewart, Earl of Carrick, as,
ROBERT III, born 1337, Crowned at Scone 14 Aug. 1390, married in or shortly before 1367, Annabella (died
1401), daughter of John Drummond, of Stobhall (see
DRUMMOND, Earls of Perth), and had issue,
1a DAVID, Steward of Scotland, Earl of Carrick, born 24 Oct. 1378, created Duke of
Rothesay, 28 April, 1398, married Feb.
1399-1400 Marjorie (who married 2ndly
Walter Haliburton), daughter of Archibald, 3rd Earl of Douglas, and died without issue26 March, 1402.
2a Robert, died young.
3a JAMES, succeeded as
1a Margaret, married Archibald,
4th Earl of Douglas, and Duke of Touraine, and had issue.
2a Mary, married
1stly, 1397, George Douglas, Earl of Angus, and had issue, she m 2ndly,
1404, Sir James Kennedy of Dunure and had issue (see KENNEDY, Marquesses of Ailsa) she m 3rdly, 1413, William, 1st Lord Graham and had issue (see
GRAHAM, Dukes of Montrose), she m 4thly, 1425, Sir William Edmonstone of
Duntreath and had issue (see EDMONSTONE, Bt.). She died 1458 and was buried with the last in Strathblane Church.
4a Elizabeth, married
1387, James Douglas, Lord of Dalkeith, grandfather of 1st Earl of Morton (see that title).
Robert III, also had two illegitimate sons,
4a James, of Kilbride.
5a Sir John, ancestor of the Shaw Stewarts, Bt. (see that title).
Robert III died at Dundonald, Ayrshirc, 4 April, 1406, and was succeeded by his 3rd son,
JAMES I, born Dec. 1394, captured by the English at sea, 4 April, 1406, was a prisoner in England until 1424, and was crowned at Scone 21 May, 1424. He married 2 Feb. 1423-4, Lady Joan Beaufort (who married 2ndly, 1439, Sir James Stewart, the "Black Knight of Lorn" and died 15 July, 1445), daughter of 1st Earl of Somerset (son of John of Gaunt and Katherine Swinford), and had issue,
1a Alexander, Duke of Rothesay, born 16 Oct. 1430, died in infancy.
2a JAMES (twin with his brother), succeeded as JAMES II.
1a Margaret, married
24 June, 1436, Louis, Dauphin of France, afterwards Louis XI, and died without issue 16 Aug. 1444.
2a Isabella, married
30 Oct. 1442, Francis, Duke of Bretagne, and died 1494, leaving issue.
3a Jean, married
1459, 1st Earl of Morton (see that family),
and had issue.
4a Eleanor, m 12 Feb. 1449, Sigismund von Tirol,
Duke of Austria, and died without issue 4 March, 1496.
5a Mary, married
1444, Wolfaert van Borselen, Count of Grandpre and Lord of Campvere, in
6a Annabella, married
1stly, 14 Dec. 1447, Louis, Count of Geneva, son of the Duke of Savoy. She was
div., and married 2ndly before 10 March,
1459, George, Earl of Huntly (see GORDON, Marquesses of Huntly) from
whom she was div., 24 July, 1471.
James I was assassinated at Perth by his uncle,
Walter, Earl of Atholl, Sir Robert Graham, and other conspirators, 21 Feb.
1436-7, was buried in the Carthusian
Church at Perth, and was succeeded by
his younger son,
JAMES II, b
16 Oct. 1430, Crowned 25 March, 1437, married
3 July, 1449, Mary (died 1 Dec. 1463, buried in Trin. Coll. Church, Edinburgh), daughter of Arnold, Duke of
Gueldres, and had issue,
1a JAMES, Duke of Rothesay, succeeded as JAMES III.
2a Alexander, Duke of Albany, married 1stly, Lady Katherine Sinclair, daughter of William, Earl
of Orkney and Caithness (see
SINCLAIR, Earls of Caithness), which m was diss. on the ground of
propinquity, 1478, and the issue was declared illegitimate by Act of
Parliament, 1516 (see MORAY, E.). He married 2ndly, 19 Jan. 1479-80, Anne, 3rd daughter
of Bertrand de la Tour, Count d’Auvergne, and by her had issue, John, 2nd Duke
of Albany, Regent of Scotland during the minority of JAMES V, married 8 July, 1505, his cousin german, Anne, daughter of John de la Tour,
Count d'Auvergne, and died without issue 2 July, 1536. The Duke was killed in Paris by the splinter of a lance at a tournament, 1485.
3a David, styled Earl of Moray, died in infancy before 18 July, 1457.
4a John, Earl of Mar, died unmarried 1479, aet 20.
1a Mary, married
1stly, ante 26 April, 1467, Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran (see KILMARNOCK, B.) He died circa 1474, leaving issue. She married 2ndly, before April, 1474 (Papal
Dispensation 25 April, 1476), James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, and died May, 1488, having had issue (see
HAMILTON, Dukes of Abercorn). He died 12 Nov. 1479.
2a Margaret, died unmarried
James II also left an illegitimate son,
5a Sir John, of Sticks, ancestor of the Steuarts of Ballechin (see BURKE’s L.G. 1952 Edn.).
James II was killed by the bursting of a piece of ordnance at Roxburgh Castle, 3 Aug. 1460 (buried at Holyrood), and was succeeded by
his eldest son,
JAMES III, born
10 July, 1451, Crowned at Kelso, 10 Aug. 1460, married 13 July, 1469, Margaret (died
14 July 1486, buried at Cambuskenneth), daughter of CHRISTIAN I, King of Denmark, and had issue,
1a JAMES, Duke of Rothesay, succeeded as JAMES IV.
2a James, born March, 1475-76, created at his baptism, Marquess of Ormond and in 1488, Duke of Ross, Archbishop of St. Andrews 1497, Chancellor of Scotland 1502, died 12-17 Jan. 1502-3.
3a John, created Earl of Mar, 2 March, 1485-6, died unmarried 11 March, 1502-3.
James III was killed at Sauchieburn, 11 June, 1488 (buried at
Cambuskenneth), and was succeeded by his eldest son,
JAMES IV, born
17 March, 1472-3, Crowned 26 June, 1488, married
8 Aug. 1503, Margaret (who married 2ndly, 6
Aug. 1514, 6th Earl of Angus, whom she div., and 3rdly, March, 1526, Henry
Stewart, Lord Methven, son of Lord Avandale (see MORAY, E.), and died 18 Oct. 1541), eldest daughter of KING HENRY VII of England, and had issue, with two
daughters, (died in infancy),
1a James, born 21 Feb. 1506-7, died 27 Feb. 1507-8.
2a Arthur, born 20
Oct. 1509, died 14 July, 1510.
3a JAMES, Duke of Rothesay, succeeded as JAMES V.
4a Alexander (styled Duke of Ross), born posthumously 30 April, 1514, died 8 Dec. 1515.
James IV had several illegitimate children,
5a Alexander, Archbishop of St Andrews, killed at the battle of Flodden 1513.
6a James, Earl of Moray.
1a Catherine, married
James Douglas 1st Earl of Morton (see
2a Margaret, married
1stly John, Lord Gordon (see HUNTLY,
M.), and 2ndly Sir John Drummond of Innerpeffray (see DRUMMOND, Earls of Perth).
3a Jean, married
Malcolm, Lord Fleming (see BURKE’s Dormant & Extinct Peerages).
James IV fell at Flodden, 9 Sept. 1513 (buried at Richmond, Surrey), and was succeeded by his 3rd son,
JAMES V, born 10 April, 1512, crowned at Stirling 21 Sept. 1513, married 1stly, 1 Jan. 1536-7, Madeline de Valois (died without issue 7 July, 1537, buried at Holyrood), daughter of FRANCIS I, of France. He married 2ndly, June, 1538, Marie de Lorraine,
Regent of Scotland during her daughter's minority (died in Edinburgh Castle, 10 June, 1560, buried at Rheims), widow of Louis d'Orleans, Duke of Longueville, and
daughter of Claude de Guise Lorraine, Duke d'Aumale, and had issue,
1a James, born 22 May, 1540, died an infant.
2a Arthur, Duke of Albany, born April, 1541, died an infant.
1a MARY, Queen of Scots.
James V also had numerous illegitimate children,
3a James, Commendator Abbys of Melrose and Kelson, died without issue 25 Sept. 1557.
4a James, 1st Earl of Moray (see that family).
6a Robert, 1st Earl of Orkney, ancestor of the Stewarts
7a John, Lord Darnley, ancestor of the Stewarts, Earls of
Bothwell (see MORAY, E.).
8a Adam, Prior of the Charterhouse at Perth.
9a Robert, Prior of Whithorn.
2a Jean, married 1554
Archibald, 5th Earl of Argyll (see
CAMPBELL, Dukes of Argyll).
James V died at
Falkland, 14 Dec. 1542 (buried at
Holyrood House), and was succeeded by his
MARY, born at
Linlithgow, 7 or 8 Dec. 1542, crowned at Stirling Castle 9 Sept. 1543, married 1stly, 24 April, 1558, Francis, The
Dauphin of France, afterwards FRANCIS II (who died without issue 5 Dec. 1560). She married 2ndly, 29 July, 1565, her cousin Henry, Lord Darnley (son of Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox), created 15 May, 1565, previously to his
marriage, Duke of Albany, Earl of Ross, and Lord Ardmanach, (murdered at the
Kirk of Field, 10 Feb. 1566-7) and had issue. She married 3rdly, 15 May, 1567, 4th Earl of Bothwell, who was created Duke of Orkney 12 May, 1567, and died without issue 14 April, 1578. A prisoner at Loch Leven after the defeat at Carberry Hill, the Queen was compelled to abdicate 24 July, 1567, escaping from Loch Leven and defeated at Langside, 13 May, 1568, she fled to England, and after 19 years' captivity, was beheaded in Fotheringay
Castle, Northants, 8 Feb. 1586-7. By her 2nd husband she had an only son,